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Challenging Words from the Hindu ( A valid pause: on RBI holding rates) Article 8 December 2018

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Challenging Words from the Hindu ( A valid pause: on RBI holding rates) Article 8 December 2018
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1. Word: Prudence (क्रियात्मक बुद्धि)

Pronunciation: prood-ns/प्रूडन्स
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:
a. the quality of being prudent; cautiousness.

Synonyms: wisdom, judgement, shrewdness, advisability, common sense
Antonyms: rashness, insanity,
Use in a Sentence: One can rely on the prudence of his decisions.
2. Word: Prognosis (पूर्वानुमान)

Pronunciation: prog-noh-sis/प्राग्नोसिस
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:
a. the predicted outcome of a situation

Synonyms: forecast, prediction, projection
Antonyms: hindsight, ignorance, thoughtlessness
Use in a Sentence: Due to the company’s financial prognosis, we will probably be one of top ten industries in less than three months.
3. Word: Opportune (उपयुक्त)

Pronunciation: op-er-toon/आपर्टून
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: especially convenient or appropriate for a particular action or event, well timed
Synonyms: appropriate, favorable, suitable
Antonyms: disadvantageous, improper, inappropriate
Use in a Sentence: He arrived in the meeting at a very opportune moment.
4. Word: Elevate (पदोन्नति करना)

Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: raise to a more important or impressive level.
Pronunciation: el-uh-veyt/एलवैट
Synonyms: raise, upgrade, boost
Antonyms: drop, decrease, denounce
Use in a Sentence: The college wants to elevate the status of their teachers.
5. Word: Flare-up (दंगा)

Pronunciation: flair-up/फ्लेर अप
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: a sudden outburst of something, especially violence or hostility.
Synonyms: eruption, blaze, burst
Antonyms: silence, pause, calm
Use in a Sentence: There has been a flare-up of violence in that area.
6. Word: Cite (प्रमाण देना)

Pronunciation: sahyt/ साइट
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning:
a. refer to (a passage, book, or author) as evidence for or justification of an argument or statement, especially in a scholarly work.

    b. praise (someone, typically a member of the armed forces) in an official report for a courageous act.

Synonyms: quote, commend
Antonyms: hide, enclose
Use in a Sentence: Please cite my gratitude to him.
7 Word: Bolster (सहारा)

Pronunciation: bohl-ster/बोल्स्टर
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning: support or strengthen.
Synonyms: reinforce, brace, fortify
Antonyms: obstruct, weaken, hinder
Use in a Sentence: He is making a strong effort to bolster the territory’s confidence.
8. Word: Tumble ( ढलकाना)

Part of Speech: Verb/Noun
Meaning:
a. fall suddenly, clumsily, or headlong. [Verb]

   b. a sudden or headlong fall. [Noun]

Pronunciation: tuhm-buh l/टम्बल
Synonyms: plunge, descend
Antonyms: peak, rise
Use in a Sentence: The child enjoys rough and tumbles play.
9. Word: Stance (अवस्थिति)

Pronunciation: stans/स्टैन्स
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning:
a. the way in which someone stands, especially when deliberately adopted (as in cricket, golf, and other sports); a person’s posture.

Synonyms: standpoint, attitude, bearing
Antonyms: unsteadiness, inaction
Use in a Sentence: The man maintains a rigidly right-wing political stance.
10. Word: Endure (भुगतना)

Pronunciation: en-doo r/इन्डुर
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning:
a. suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.

    b. remain in existence; last.

Synonyms: tolerate, abide
Antonyms: cease, dismiss
Use in a Sentence: The pain was almost too great to endure.
11. Word: Wary ( एहतियाती)

Pronunciation: wair-ee/वेरी
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning: feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.
Synonyms: cautious, careful, vigilant, circumspect
Antonyms: careless, heedless, negligent
Use in a Sentence: My mother advised me to be wary of strangers who offer me a ride.
12. Word: Reckon (गणना करना)

Pronunciation: rek-on/रेकन
Part of Speech: Verb
Meaning:
a. conclude after calculation; be of the opinion/to anticipate a specific thing will occur, establish by calculation.

Synonyms: calculate, compute, quantify.
Antonyms: distrust, doubt, mistrust, question, suspect
Use in a Sentence: Due to the sudden decrease in demand of the Maggi, losses were reckoned to be over a million dollars.
13. Word: Perishable (नष्ट होनेवाला)

Pronunciation: per-i-shuh-buh l/पेरिशबल
Part of Speech: Adjective
Meaning:
a. (especially of food) likely to decay or go bad quickly.

Synonyms: temporary, mortal, spoilable
Antonyms: durable, imperishable, everlasting
Use in a Sentence: It’s important to store perishable food in a cool place.
14. Word: Stand Pat (अपने निर्णय पर कायम रहना)

Pronunciation: stand pat/स्टैन्ड पैट
Part of Speech: Phrase of pat
Meaning:
a. stick stubbornly to one’s opinion or decision.

Synonyms: hold firm, adamant. rigid
Antonyms: flexible, supple
Use in a Sentence: He’ll never stand pat on the price of his house.

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