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Compressor kyaa hai aur kyaa kaam kartaa hai

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Compressor kyaa hai aur kyaa kaam kartaa hai?

 

aajn mai aap sabhi ko batan

kyaa aap jaante hain ki ye kampresar kyaa hai (Compressor in Hindi)? vaise to en Air compressors ko ham apne chaaron taraph dekhte hain estmaal hote hua lekin hamko ye pataa nahin chaltaa hai ki us devices men compressor kaa estmaal huaa hotaa hai. udaaharan ke lia aap logon ne gas stations men compressor ko dekh huaa hogaa, jinkaa estmaal gaadiyon ke typres men havaa bharne ke lia hotaa hai. chunki en typres men manually havaa bharaa nahin jaa saktaa esalia esmen pressurized air bharnaa hotaa hai aur eske lia Compressor sabse upayukt hotaa hai.

Compressor kaa shabd se ye pataa chaltaa hai ki esmen compress karne ki baat chal rahi hai. aur ye thik bhi hotaa hai kyunki Compressor kaa estmaal air ko compress karne ke lia hotaa hai. en Compressor kaa estmaal hamaare gharon men refrigerator (fridge) aur AC (air conditioner) men bhi hotaa hai. dekhaa jaaye to ham alag lagaa prkaar ke air compressor se ghire hua hain lekin hamen enke vishay men koi bhi jaankaari nahin hoti hai. esalia aaj mainne sochaa ki kyun n aap logon ko Compressor kyaa hai aur eske kitne prkaar hote hain ke baare men jaankaari prdaan ki jaaye jisse aap logon ke man men uth rahe sabhi savaalon ke javaab aapko aasaani se mil sake. to phir binaa deri kiye chalia shuru karte hain aur jaante hain kampresar kyaa hotaa hai hindi men.

kampresar kyaa hai (Whats is Compressor in Hindi)

Compressor ak prkaar kaa mechanical device hotaa hai jiskaa estmaal Gas yaa Air ki pressure ko bdhaane ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai. Air generally compressible hotaa hai esalia compressor ke estmaal se air ke pressure ko badhaayaa jaataa hai uske volume ko reduce kar. eske bahut saare applications hain jaise ki refrigeration aur air conditioning, industrial automation men jahaan ki pneumatic actuators kaa estmaal hotaa hai. alag alag application ke lia different types ke air compressors ki jarurat hoti hai. vaise to sabhi compressors ke samaan basic principle hote hain lekin different applications hote hain aur unki working bhi alag hoti hai.

compresar ke Main Components kyaa hai?

ek compressor ke mukhy rup se do main components hote hain, jo ki hain power source aur dusraa hai mechanism of compression. udaaharan ke lia ek air compressor tabhi kaam kartaa hai jab air enter kartaa hai vane yaa piston se, aur ese compressed kiyaa jaataa hai increased pressure aur decreased volume se. ek baar max pressure reach ho gayi, tab built-in mechanism air intake ko switches off kar detaa hai. ye compressed air phir usable ban jaataa hai. jaise jaise air kaa estmaal hone lagtaa hai aur pressure decrease hone lagtaa hai, dusraa built-in switch aur jyaadaa air ko andar jaane detaa hai, esse process dubaaraa se chaalu hone start ho jaataa hai.

kampresar ke prkaar

vaise to Compressor ke bahut se prkaar hote hain unke application ke hisaab se. lekin unmen bhi mukhy rup se do important hote hain.

1. Dynamic Type
2. Positive Displacement Type

en donon type ke bhi bahut alag alag prkaar upalabdh hote hain.

Dynamic type
1. Centrifugal compressors
2. Axial compressors

Positive displacement
1.  Rotary compressors
 Lobe compressors
 Rotary screw compressors
 Scroll compressors
 Rotary vane compressors

2. Reciprocating compressors
 Single acting
 Double acting
 Diaphragm

Dynamic Compressors

jab ham dynamic ki baat karte hain tab esse kuchh forces ke baare men pataa chaltaa hai jo ki kuchh prkaar ki motion utpann karti hai. eske case men bhi yahi hotaa hai, dynamic compressors air ke momentum se deal kartaa hai. es prkaar ke compressors men rotating impeller ke madad se dynamic moment generate kiyaa jaataa hai jo ki flowing air ki pressure ko bdhaataa hai. Dynamic compressors ki jyaadaa applications petroleum aur chemical industries men hoti hai jahaan continuous work ki jarurat hoti hai long run ke lia. es dynamic compressors ko aage do sub-categories men baantaa jaataa hai centrifugal aur axial compressors.

Centrifugal Compressors

yah ek continuous flow compressor hotaa hai. Centrifugal compressors mixed flow compressors hote hain jismen ki air compressor ke bhitar axially enter karti hai aur radially baahar aati hai. ye dynamic action ko karne ke lia rotating impellers kaa estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai. Rotating impellers air ko high inertial forces prdaan karti hai. Air flow jo hotaa hai use compressor ke bhitar se several stages men jaanaa pdtaa hai, aur pratyek stage men air ko impeller (moving element) aur diffuser (stationery element) ke dvaaraa jaanaa pdtaa hai, jahaan ye apni velocity kho detaa hai aur pressure gain kartaa hai.

altarnetar kyaa hai aur kyaa kaam kartaa hai

entinaa kyaa hai aur kaise kaam kartaa hai

edaaptar kyaa hai aur eske prkaar

en stages ke aakhir men highly compressed air baahar aati hai. Centrifugal compressor kaa estmaal small scale industries men hotaa hai jahaan ki air ki kam pressure ki jarurat hoti hai kyunki eski small flow rate aur low efficiency hoti hai. eski jo sabse bdi advantage hoti hai vo ye ki eski manufacturing cost bahut kam hoti hai.

Axial Flow Compressors

Axial flow ek dusri prkaar ki dynamic flow air compressor hoti hai, jahaan ki air ko compress kiyaa jaataa hai dynamic action ke dvaaraa rotary elements ke. jaise ki naam se pataa chaltaa hai ki esmen flow hotaa hai compressor ke axis of rotation ke parallel men. es compressor ke rotor men bahut saare rows hote hain airflows ke jo ki air ko high pressure men compress karne men madad karte hain. ye continuously compress karti hai air ko. Compressor ki rotor men bahut saare stationery aur rotating blades hote hain. jahaan Rotating blade air ke torque ko bdhaate hain vahin stationery blades air ki velocity ko kam karte hain.

jab air compressor ke bhitar enter karti hai tab esmen jyaadaa velocity hoti hai aur low pressure hoti hai lekin aakhir men air fully compressed ho jaati hai. chunki esmen bahut saare blade arrangements hote hain esalia compressor ki structure bulky aur complex hoti hai jo ki eski cost ko bdhaa deti hai. Axial flow compressor ki jo main advantage hoti hai vo eski high efficiency hoti hai aur ye high mass flow rate bhi prdaan karti hai.

Positive Displacement Compressors

jaise ki naam se pataa chaltaa hai ki positive displacement compressor men ye kaam kartaa hai fluid ko displace kar kisi mechanism ke estmaal se yaa kisi chhote mechanical linkage jaise ki gears, piston aur rotors etyaadi ke estmaal se. ye compress kartaa hai un small-small amount ke air ko jo ki ek side se enter karti hai aur dusre side se nikalti hai high pressure men, esi ke bich air ko bahut saare mechanical linkages se gujarnaa pdtaa hai. es Positive Displacement Compressor ko do hisson men aur divide kiyaa jaataa hai, jo ki hain rotary aur reciprocating compressors.

1. Rotary compressors

ek rotary compressor men ek rotating linkage cylinder ke bhitar rotate kartaa rahtaa hai Rotating Linkage ke type ke anusaar, rotary compressors ko aur bhi dusre categories men further divide kiyaa jaataa hai jiske vishay men ham aage jaanenge. agar men ek simple rotary compressor ki baat karun tab, eski ek fixed shaft hoti hai jo ki offset hoti hai centre men cylinder ke bich aur ek roller hotaa hai jo ki rotate kar rahaa hotaa hai shaft ke around, external force ke dvaaraa.

kuchh parts rotor ke hameshaa cylinder ke saath internally connect hote hain. esmen ek side se air suck kartaa hai aur dusre side men deliver kartaa hai, jab roller ko rotate kiyaa jaataa hai. ye small mass flow rate deliver kartaa hai jahaan continuous work ki jarurat hoti hai. es type ko aur bhi dusre type men baantaa jaataa hai.

2. Lobe compressors

yah ek small kind ki compressor hoti hai jo ki keval low pressure men hi deal karti hai i.e. 1 bar se 2 bar. ye ek aisaa type kaa blower hotaa hai jo ki 2 stages men kaam kartaa hai. do lobe shape rotors rotate karte hain ek dusre ke parallel men ek mechanical linkage men jaise ki gears. ye small pocket of air suck karte hain aur dusre end men use compress karne ke baad deliver karte hain. enhen low pressure applications men estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai.

3. Rotary screw compressors

jaise ki naam se pataa chaltaa hai rotary compressors men do rotating screws linked hote hain parallel hokar ek dusre ke. Generally helical screws ko jyaadaa prefer kiyaa jaataa hai positive displacement ke lia screw ke bich. jab donon screws revolve kar rahe hote hain ek dusre ke upar tab keval ek chhotaa saa passage vahaan hotaa hai jisse ki air flow ho sake , jab air us chhote se passage ke ek side se dusre side ko jaataa hai tab uski velocity kam ho jaati hai aur vo pressure gain kar letaa hai. ese construct karnaa bahut hi simple hotaa hai aur ese estmaal karnaa bhi utnaa hi aasaan hotaa hai. esmen bahut hi kam maatraa men wear and tear hotaa hai esalia ese jyaadaatar industries men jyaadaa upyog men laayaa jaataa hai. yah ek chhotaa compressor hotaa hai jo ki portable hone ke kaaran vo jyaadaa suitable hote hain commercial applications ke lia.

4. Scroll Compressor

ye ek best compressor hotaa hai low mass flow rate category men. esmen do spiral vanes hote hain jo ki ek dusre ke saath scoop form men connected hote hain. jahaan ek spiral vane hameshaa fixed hotaa hai vahin dusraa linked hotaa hai first spiral ke saath kuchh eccentricity ke saath. dusraa spiral revolve kartaa hai fixed spiral men ek eccentric manner se. do spirals vanes ke bich kaa gap circumferentially varies kartaa hai aur ek dam aakhiri men ek chhotaa saa gap hotaa hai. jab air en donon spiral vanes ke bich se gujartaa hai tab ye pressure gain kartaa hai. ye bahut hi smoothly kaam kartaa hai jo ki ese jyaadaa efficient banaataa hai dusre compressor ki tulnaa men.

5. Rotary Vane Compressor

jaise ki naam se pataa chaltaa hai ki yah compressor men bahut saare rotating vanes/blades hote hain jo ki rotor ke saath attached hote hain. ye ek prkaar kaa sabse oldest compressor hai jo ki abhi tak bhi bahut se applications men estmaal men laayaa jaa rahaa hai kyunki eski highest mechanical efficiency ke kaaran jo ki karib 80-90% tak hoti hai. Compressor kaa rotor uske housing ke bhitar mount kiyaa gayaa hotaa hai. es housing ki complex geometry hoti hai jo ki ek narrow passage prdaan karti hai air ke flow ke lia. jab rotor rotate kar rahaa hotaa hai tab vanes apni position change kar rahi hoti hai jisse air ki volume decrease hoti hai aur pressure increase hoti hain.

Reciprocating Compressor

ye ek dusraa prkaar kaa positive displacement compressor hotaa hai. ek piston responsible hotaa hai reciprocating action ke lia cylinder ke bhitar. eski construction aur working bahut simple hoti hai. esmen ek cylinder hotaa hai jismen two ports hote hain ; ek inlet air ke lia hotaa hai aur dusraa delivery ke lia. jab air enter kartaa hai pahle port se tab dusraa port band hotaa hai.

Suction ke baad inlet port bhi band ho jaataa hai aur piston upar move kartaa hai aur air ko compress kartaa hai, saath hi ye volume ko decrease bhi kartaa hai jab ye delivery port open kartaa hai aur compressed air baahar chalaa jaataa hai. ye cycle baar baar repeat hotaa hai continuously. aur aakhir men ye air ko bahut hi high pressure men deliver kartaa hai. chalia reciprocating compressor ke tin mukhy types ke baare men jaante hain.

1. Single Acting

ye ek simple type kaa reciprocating compressor hotaa hai. ye single side movement of piston ke hisaab se kaam kartaa hai aur eski working ek reciprocating compressor ke jaise hi hoti hai.

2. Double Acting

vahin double acting men, piston active rahtaa hai donon sides men jisse ye high mass flow rate prdaan kartaa hai single acting compressor ki tulnaa men vo bhi bahut high-pressure men. es double acting men continuous delivery ko praapt karne ke lia piston ki reciprocating action kaa upyog kiyaa jaataa hai. vahin usi samay donon suction aur compression stroke kaam kartaa hai, jo ki use jyaadaa efficient banaataa hai. eski bahut saare industrial applications hote hain jahaan ki high pressure ki jarurat hoti hai.

3. Diaphragm Compressor

ye aur ek dusraa prkaar kaa reciprocating compressor hotaa hai jise ki membrane compressor bhi kahaa jaataa hai kyunki esmen several membranes hote hain. ye membranes reciprocate karte hain crankshaft aur piston ki madad se. jaise hi piston rod moves karti hai tab ye ek vacuum create karti hai jo ki air ko suck karti hai chamber ke bhitar aur use compress karti hai jab compressed air outlet ke baahar chali jaati hai. eski bahut hi kam applications hoti hai jahaan ki low pressure ki jarurat hoti hai.

eyar kampresar kyaa hai aur kaise kaam kartaa hai?

ek Air Compressor men, do major parts hote hain – ek compressing system aur dusraa ek power source. agar men compressing mechanism ki baat karun tab ye ek piston, rotating impeller yaa ek vane kuchh bhi ho saktaa hai jo ki depend kartaa hai aap kis prkaar ki compressor ko refer kar rahe ho. vahin agar ham power source ki baat karen tab ye ek electric motor yaa koi dusraa energy source bhi ho saktaa hai.

es compressing mechanism men jaise ki naam se pataa chaltaa hai ki ye atmospheric air ko compress kartaa hai, use phir baad men requirements ke hisaab se estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai. es process men atmospheric air ko intake valve ke madad se khinchaa jaataa hai, jyaadaa se jyaadaa air ko andar khinchaa jaataa hai limited space men mechanically, eske lia piston, impeller yaa vane kaa estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai. chunki khinchi hui havaa ki maatraa ko bdhaa diyaa jaataa hai storage tank men, jisse volume ghat jaataa hai aur automatically uski pressure bdh jaati hai. agar ham aasaan bhaashaa men samjhen to free yaa atmospheric air ko compress kiyaa jaataa hai uski volume ko ghataakar aur jiske kaaran uski pressure bhi bdh jaataa hai.

Compressor men Choking kyaa hotaa hai?

Choking ek aisaa condition hotaa hai jo ki compressor men hi ghatit hotaa hai jismen ye bahut hi high mass flow rate men operate hotaa hai aur compressor ki andar ki flow ko aur adhik badhaayaa nahin jaa saktaa hai, kyunki compressor men Mach number unity ke karib pahunch jaataa hai i.e (jisse) sonic velocity aur flow ko choked kahaa jaataa hai.

kampresar kyaa kaam kartaa hai?

Compressor ke bahut saare estmaal hain, unke jarurat ke anusaar, aise men niche mainne aapko kuchh bahut hi mahatvpurn uses ke baare men bataayaa hai. to chalia unke vishay men aur adhik jaante hain.

1.  Agriculture — Crop sprayers se water pumps, air compressors, power machines jaise tools men estmaal kiye jaate hain jisse kisaan apne paidaavaar ko kayi gunaa tak bdhaa sakte hain.

2. Automotive — Auto repair aur body shops men commonly industrial-use compressor system components kaa estmaal hotaa hai jo ki clean, dry air aur stable air pressure produce kartaa hai.

3.  Climate Control — aise Air compressors bhi available hain jo ki donon extreme hot aur cold temperatures men bhi kaam kar sakte hain.

4.  Dry Cleaning — Industrial-size air compressors kaa jyaadaa estmaal solvent processing aur garment pressing ke lia hotaa hai.

5.  Energy Exploration — Air compressors kaa estmaal remote energy exploration ke lia hotaa hai kyunki ye unparalleled reliability offer karti hai jo ki madad karti hain energy companies ko maintenance minimize karne ke lia aur repair costs ko kam karne ke lia.

6.  Food aur Beverage — Air compressors kaa estmaal contaminate-free compressed air praapt karne ke lia hotaa hai food aur beverage manufacturing operations men.

7.  Medical aur Dental — Air compressors kaa frequently estmaal medical aur dental offices men bahut saare kaaryon ke lia hotaa hai.

8.  Natural Gas — Gas transfer, fume elimination aur vapor recovery aise natural gas processes hain jinhen air compressors ki jarurat hoti hai.

9.  Pharmaceutical — Pharmaceutical industry ko clean, dry aur oil-free air, aur compressed air ki jarurat hoti hai aise men compressor ki jarurat hoti hai.

10.  Woodworking — Millwork facilities, furniture manufacturers aur woodworking businesses men air compressors aur vacuum pumps kaa estmaal hotaa hai ko ki cost-effective operations men madad karte hain.

11.  Scuba Diving – Scuba Divers compressed air kaa estmaal karte hain samudr men underwater kuchh operation karne ke lia.

Pump aur Compressor men kyaa antar hai?

aakhir kampresar gais ko kyon kampres kartaa hai? Pump aur compressor donon ki hydraulic machines hote hain jinkaa estmaal fluid ki energy ko bdhaane ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai. donon devices ko industries aur domestic work ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai. jahaan Pump ek aisaa device hotaa hai jisse fluid (water, liquid and gases) ko move kiyaa jaataa hai aur unki elevation ko badhaayaa jaataa hai. eskaa jyaadaatar estmaal fluid ko supply karne ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai low elevation se high elevation tak.

vahin ek compressor ek aisaa device hai jo bhi ek mechanical device hotaa hai pump ki tarah lekin ye fluid ki potential energy bdhaa detaa hai unhen ek closed container men compress kar.

en donon men jo main difference hai vo ye ki pump kaa estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai fluid ki kinetic energy ko bdhaane ke lia jo ki baad men unki elevation yaa pressure energy ko bdhaa detaa hai. ye fluid ko ek jagah se dusre jagah tak jaane men madad kartaa hai. lekin vahin compressor kaa jyaadaatar estmaal fluid ki potential energy (pressure energy) ko bdhaane ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai jiske lia unke pressurized kar container men daalaa jaataa hai. eskaa estmaal fluid ko compress karne ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai jiske lia ye unki volume ko bdhaa detaa hai jisse pressure increase ho jaati hai saath men density bhi. dusre kaarnon ke baare men chalia aage jaante hain.

Slno                    Pump                   Compressor1eskaa estmaal fluid ko move karne ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai ek jagah se dusri jagah tak praay tor se jo kuchh height men stith hoeskaa estmaal fluid ki pressure yaa potential energy ko bdhaane ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai. ye fluid ki density ko badhaati hai.2ye fluid ki pressure ko bdhaane ke lia kaam aataa hai jiske lia fluid ko higher height men liyaa jaataa hai.esmen fluid ko compress kar uske pressure ko badhaayaa jaa saktaa hai.3esmen pump ki inlet se outlet tak jaane tak volume men koi bhi badlaav njar nahin aataa hai.esmen inlet se outlet tak jaane men badlaav njar aataa hai compressor men.4ese liquid jaise ki water oil aadi ko ek jagah se dusre jagah tak le jaane men estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai.ese gases ke transport ke lia estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai.5esmen fluid ki pressure men badlaav njar aa bhi saktaa hai aur nahin bhi.esmen fluid ki pressure men jarur badlaav njar aataa hai.6ese jyaadaatar estmaal incompressible fluid ki energy increase karne ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai.ese jyaadaatar estmaal compressible fluid ki energy bdhaane ke lia kiyaa jaataa hai.7esmen storage ki suvidhaa nahin hoti hai. ye keval fluid ko suck kartaa hai aur dusre direction men use nikaal detaa hai.eski storage capacity hoti hai. ye gases ko store kar saktaa hai aur jarurat pdne par use deliver bhi kar saktaa hai.

kampresar kaa bhaabisy

bahut saare businesses ke lia, compressed air ek prkaar kaa lifeblood hotaa hai unke operations ke lia. Compressed air ke madad se chhote bde companies kaa apne operation chalaati rahti hai. vaise Compressor ke etne saare applications hai ki unhen future praay sabhi jaghon men estmaal kiyaa jaa saktaa hai. dekhaa jaaye to Compressor kaa bhavisy bahut hi ujjaval hai kyunki enkaa estmaal Agriculture se lekar Medical industries tak sabhi jaghon men hotaa hai. vaise bhavisy men hamen Compressor ke aur adhik aadhunik taknik dekhne ko mil sakti hain.

FAQ (aksar puchhe jaane vaale savaal)

1phrij inverter compressor baar baar band ho jaataa hai?

aisaa esalia hotaa hai kyunki fridge ko baar baar jyaadaa der tak kholaa jaa rahaa ho jisse temperature ko maintain karne ke lia compressor ko jyaadaa chaalu honaa pdtaa hai esse usapar pressure aati hai. yadi compressor jyaadaa band hone lage to electrician ko jarur dikhaaan.

vhikal sarvis kampresar kirloskar kaise hain?

yadi aapko kirloskar company kaa compressor thik karnaa hai tab aapko unke service center par jaakar baatchit karnaa hogaa.

2Diyol start compressor to Simensa start men problem hoti hai?

aksar compressor ke on aur off men jyaadaa takliph dikhaai pdti hai. esalia use jyaadaa der tak on n rakhen aur bich bich men band kar phir se on karte rahen.

3Chevrolet tavera gaadi men konsaa ac compressor lagegaa?

vaise to bahut se compressor market men upalabdh hain lekin gaadi ke type ke anusaar hi usmen AC Compressor kaa estmaal hotaa hai. aap Subros, Delphi jaise company ko check kar sakte hain.

4Gq r 60 air compressor kitne liters ke fridge men chaltaa hai?

ye compressor bde range ke fridges men estmaal kiyaa jaataa hai jinke storage capacity bahut jyaadaa hoti hai.

5Highly rotary compressor 2-ton kaa model no bataaeye?

aap Hitachi SH 380 kaa estmaal kar sakte hain jo ki ek highly rotary compressor hotaa hai.

6Chiller ac ka compressor badalne ke saath aur kyaa kyaa parts badlaa jaataa hai?

A – eske dusre parts hain condenser heat exchanger, evaporator heat exchanger, buffer tank, the expansion tank, water pump, filter, flow switch, safety valves, expansion valves, temperature sensors etyaadi.

7Compressor oil temperature kitnaa honaa chaahia?

Compressor ki oil temperature 180°F (82°C) honi chaahia.

Resolution :-

mujhe aashaa hai ki mainne aap logon ko kampresar kyaa hai (Whats is Compressor in Hindi) ke baare men puri jaankaari di aur men aashaa kartaa hun aap logon ko kampresar aur eskaa kyaa kaam hai ke baare men samajh aa gayaa hogaa. yadi aapke man men es article ko lekar koi bhi doubts hain yaa aap chaahte hain ki esmen kuchh sudhaar honi chaahia tab eske lia aap nich comments likh sakte hain. aapke enhi vichaaron se hamen kuchh sikhne aur kuchh sudhaarne kaa mokaa milegaa. yadi aapko meri yah post kampresar kyaa hotaa hai hindi men aapko kuchh sikhne ko milaa ho tab apni prasanntaa aur uttsuktaa ko darshaane ke lia kriapyaa es post ko Social Networks jaise ki Facebook, Google+ aur Twitter etyaadi par share kijiye

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